Chemistry Journal of Moldova

2010 Volume 5, no.1

AZOLIGANDS AS BRIDGED IN MACROCYCLIC DINICKEL COMPLEXES

Author(s):

Vasile Lozan


Field: Inorganic and coordination chemistry
Type: Review
Issue: 2010 Volume 5, no.1
Pages: 7-23
Keywords: coordination chemistry, structures, azoligands, nickel macrocyclic complexes, amino-thiophenolate ligands.
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Abstract (JPEG)

DOI:
dx.doi.org/10.19261/cjm.2010.05(1).01

Graphical Abstract:
 The coordination chemistry of dinickel macrocyclic hexaamine-dithiophenolate complexes of  Robson-type with azoligands is presented in this microreview. All complexes have been  characterised by IR-,UV/Visspectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography. The bioctahedral transition metal complexes of the type [(L6)Ni2(μ-L')]+ exhibit a rich coordination chemistry since the active coordination site L' is accessible for a wide range of exogenous coligands.

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STABILIZATION OF UNUSUAL SUBSTRATE COORDINATION MODES IN DINUCLEAR MACROCYCLIC COMPLEXES

Author(s):

Vasile Lozan


Field: Inorganic and coordination chemistry
Type: Review
Issue: 2010 Volume 5, no.1
Pages: 24-35
Keywords: coordination chemistry, borohydride, hexasulphide, molybdate, amino-thiophenolate ligands.
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Abstract (JPEG)

DOI:
dx.doi.org/10.19261/cjm.2010.05(1).02

Graphical Abstract: 
The steric protection offered by the macrobinucleating hexaazaditiophenolate ligand (L) allows for the preparation of the first stable  dinuclear nickel(II) borohydride  bridged complex, which reacts rapidly with elemental sulphur producing a tetranuclear nickel(II) complex [{(L)Ni2}2(μ-S6)]2+ bearing a helical μ4-hexa- sulfide ligand. The [(L)CoII 2]2+ fragment have been able to trap a monomethyl orthomolybdate in the binding pocket. Unusual coordination modes of substrate in dinuclear macrocyclic compounds was demonstrated.

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IONIC LIQUIDS DERIVATIVE OF 1H-IMIDAZOLE AS NOVEL REAGENTS, CATALYSTS AND SOLVENTS

Author(s):

V. Sargorovschi, N. Sucman, T. Iudin, D. Duca, E. Stingaci, D. Prodius, S. Pogrebnoi, F. Macaev


Field: Organic chemistry
Type: Review
Issue: 2010 Volume 5, no.1
Pages: 36-56
Keywords: 1H-imidazole, ionic liquids, reagents, catalysts, solvents, organic synthesis.
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OPTICALLY ACTIVE CHRYSANTHEMIC ACID AND ITS ANALOGUES

Author(s):

L. Bets, Z. Ribkovskaia, L. Vlad, S. Pogrebnoi, F. Galin, F. Macaev


Field: Organic chemistry
Type: Review
Issue: 2010 Volume 5, no.1
Pages: 57-72
Keywords: chrysanthemic acid, pyrethrins, pyrethroids, permetrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin (decis), thigalotrin (cyhalothin), natural (+)-3-carene, organic synthesis.
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Abstract (JPEG)

DOI:
dx.doi.org/10.19261/cjm.2010.05(1).04

Graphical Abstract:


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THIOCYANATE ION-SELECTIVE PVC MEMBRANE ELECTRODE

Author(s):

Mihail Revenco, Mariana Martin, Waell Abu Dayyih


Field: Analytical chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2010 Volume 5, no.1
Pages: 73-77
Keywords: thiocyanate, potentiometric sensor, titration.
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Abstract (JPEG)

DOI:
dx.doi.org/10.19261/cjm.2010.05(1).05

Graphical Abstract: 
A potentiometric selective sensor based on trinuclear chromium(III) complex as a novel ionophore for the thiocyanateselective electrode is reported. The sensor displays a near Nernstian slope of 57 ± 2 mV per decade, over a wide pH range 3 - 11. The working concentration range of the electrode is 1.10-5 – 1.10-1 mol/l with a detection limit of 5.10-6 mol/l. The sensor has a response time of 20 s and can be used for at least 6 months without any considerable fluctuation of the potential. The selectivity coefficients determined at using the fixed interference method indicate a good discriminating ability towards other anions. The prepared sensor was applied as an indicator electrode in the titration of thiocyanate with Ag+.

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THE EVOLUTION OF BIOCHEMICAL OXIDATION OF AMMONIA IONS IN SMALL RIVERS WATER

Author(s):

Elena Mosanu, P. Spataru, T. Lupascu, Maria Sandu, Tatiana Goreacioc, A. Tarita


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2010 Volume 5, no.1
Pages: 78-83
Keywords: biochemical oxidation, ammonia ions, nitrification, small rivers.
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Abstract (JPEG)

DOI:
dx.doi.org/10.19261/cjm.2010.05(1).06

Graphical Abstract: 
Nitrification is the oxidation of ammonia to nitrate, via nitrite and it occupies a central position within the global nitrogen cycle. Nitrifying bacteria are the organisms capable of converting the most reduced form of nitrogen, ammonia, to the most oxidized form, nitrate, but their activity is influenced by pollution level. Starting with the assumption that pollution of small internal water courses in the Republic of Moldova remained severe (phenols, detergents and copper regularly exceed the MACs) the work presented in the paper discusses the evolution of ammonia ions nitrification in the water of river Prut tributaries and its correlation with the content of pollutants in water: surface-active substances, Cu, BOD5, COD and other compounds.

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STUDY OF SPRINGS WATER QUALITY AS SOURCES OF POTABLE WATER AND FOR IRRIGATION IN REZINA DISTRICT

Author(s):

M. Sandu, E. Mosanu, V. Gladchi, A. Tarită, Gh. Duca, P. Spataru, T. Lupascu, E. Sergentu, R. Lozan, V. Jabin, S. Turcan


Field: Ecological chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2010 Volume 5, no.1
Pages: 84-89
Keywords: Spring, Groundwater, Water quality, Magnitude discharge, Water Types, Irrigation coefficients, Correlation coefficient.
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Abstract (JPEG)

DOI:
dx.doi.org/10.19261/cjm.2010.05(1).07

Graphical Abstract:
 As sources of water supply in the Republic of Moldova underground waters constitute 15,2% (bore holes, springs and wells). The present work includes water quality investigations and aims to reveal local sources in river Nistru hydrographic basin (Rezina district) for drinking water provision in villages. Chemical composition of investigated spring’s water shows that in Rezina district 19% of springs are polluted with nitrogen compounds. Water of only 9% of springs is in conformity with the standard for drinking water. Water from 102 springs meets the requirements of irrigation that doesn’t present the risk of soil salinization (K > 18) – 1 383 L/min.

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COBALT SALTS PRODUCTION BY USING SOLVENT EXTRACTION

Author(s):

Liudmila V. Dyakova, Aleksander G. Kasikov, Elena S. Kshumaneva, Svetlana V. Drogobuzhskaya


Field: Industrial chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2010 Volume 5, no.1
Pages: 90-94
Keywords: cobalt, solvent extraction, tertiary amines, salting-out, octanoic acid.
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Abstract (JPEG)

DOI:
dx.doi.org/10.19261/cjm.2010.05(1).08

Graphical Abstract: 
The paper deals with the extracting cobalt salts by using mixtures on the basis of tertiary amine from multicomponent solutions from the process of hydrochloride leaching of cobalt concentrate. The optimal composition for the extraction mixture, the relationship between the cobalt distribution coefficients and modifier’s nature and concentration, and the saltingout agent type have been determined. A hydrochloride extraction technology of cobalt concentrate yielding a purified concentrated cobalt solution for the production of pure cobalt salts has been developed and introduced at Severonikel combine.

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THE EFFECT OF SULPHURIC ACID CONCENTRATION ON SOLVENT EXTRACTION OF ReO4 - BY THE LONG-CHAIN ALIPHATIC TERTIARY AMINES AND ALCOHOLS

Author(s):

Aleksander G. Kasikov, Anna M. Petrova


Field: Industrial chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2010 Volume 5, no.1
Pages: 95-97
Keywords: Rhenium, solvent extraction, long-chain aliphatic tertiary amine and alcohols, sulphuric acid media.
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Abstract (JPEG)

DOI:
dx.doi.org/10.19261/cjm.2010.05(1).09

Graphical Abstract:
 The effect of sulphuric acid concentration on solvent extraction of ReO4- by the long-chain aliphatic tertiary amines and alcohols in a wide range of H2SO4 concentrations in initial solutions is discussed. It has been established that the influence of the sulphuric acid concentration on rhenium solvent extraction is largely due to the extraction process mechanism. In the case of the anion-exchange mechanism, ReO4- is best extracted from weakly acidic solutions, whereas when the hydrate-solvate mechanism takes place – from solutions containing 4-7 mole/l H2SO4.

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VOLTAMMETRIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE IRON BEHAVIOUR FROM STEELS IN DIFFERENT ELECTROLYTIC MEDIA

Author(s):

Gheorghe Nemtoi, Florica Ionica, Tudor Lupascu and Alexandru Cecal


Field: Inorganic and coordination chemistry
Type: Research paper
Issue: 2010 Volume 5, no.1
Pages: 98-105
Keywords: corrosion, cyclic voltammetry, peak potential, polarization curves, steel.
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Abstract (JPEG)

DOI:
dx.doi.org/10.19261/cjm.2010.05(1).10

Graphical Abstract:
 The dissolution of the iron from steel was observed by drawing the cyclic voltammetry (CV) for the systems consisting of the solution resulted when the alloy sample was immersed in HNO3, H2SO4, and HCl, aqueous solutions on platinum disk electrode (PtDE). The presence of some redox processes can be observed only in HNO3 which confirms the complexity of the mechanism of Fe dissolution in this acid. On the other hand, there were manufactured electrodes of steel samples taken into experiment achieving the corrosion characteristics in the media mentioned above.

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